Pneumatic Compression Devices

Pneumatic compression devices are medical devices long prescribed by healthcare professionals for the treatment of a wide range of venous, lymphatic and arterial disorders. Pneumatic compression devices are widely used in the acute care setting for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and referred to as "SCDs". In the home setting, they are often referred to as "lymphedema pumps" although they are used to treat a wide variety of circulatory disorders. They can also be used to treat bruising and swelling resulting from orthopedic surgeries such as joint replacement. Pneumatic compression devices include both an inflatable garment worn on the arm or the leg and an electric pneumatic pump which is used to fill the garment with compressed air. Both the cycle of inflation and the pressure at which the garment is inflated vary depending on the disorder that is being treated, and its severity. Physicians often prescribe pneumatic compression devices for venous and lymphatic conditions when symptoms have not responded to less extensive therapies like elastic compression, elevation, exercise or complex decongestive therapy (CDT).

How do pneumatic compression devices work?
A pneumatic compression garment paired with a pump producing various pressure gradients simulates normal actions of the circulatory system by using external pressure. Inflation of the garment both proximally and distally produces pressure causing lymphatic fluids or blood to circulate out of the affected limb, reducing swelling and preventing potential blood clots and wounds from forming.

What are the different types of pneumatic compression devices?
BioHorizon Medical’s Pneumatic compressions devices fall under five categories: 4 Chamber Compression Devices; 8-12 Chamber Compression Devices; Arterial Compression Devices; DVT (SCD) Devices; and Post Traumatic Compression Devices. Please see below for more details.

4 Chamber, Venous Compression Device

Our Four Chamber Compression Devices are used for the treatment and management of both venous and lymphatic disorders.  These devices use four, overlapping compression cells, (i.e. chambers) of sequential, non-gradient pressure on affected limbs to get blood and fluids circulating properly. Four Chamber Devices are quiet, easily transportable and perfect for use in a home. Four Chamber Devices are most commonly used to alleviate afflictions associated with venous insufficiency, the reduction of peripheral edema, various lymphatic disorders that occur secondary to venous disorders and venous stasis ulcers. Venous Stasis Ulcers make up an estimated 90 percent of chronic wound cases.

8 & 12 Chamber, Lymphedema Compression Device

Our eight and twelve chamber compression devices offer a more enhanced version of our four chamber compression systems. These advanced compression devices provide anywhere from 8 to 24 overlapping chambers of gradient-sequential pressure, targeting additionally affected zones of the body. Our eight and twelve chamber devices are used for more severe cases of lymphatic disorders such as primary and secondary lymphedema.

Arterial Compression Device

Arterial compression pumps are used on patients who suffer from low arterial blood flow to the lower limbs, or Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). By applying rapid and timed compression to the foot and calf, these devices move blood through the deep veins of the leg at a highly pulsatile rate. The biological affect releases nitric oxide which helps dilate arteriole pathways and leads to a 3 fold increases capillary profusion.  All of this helps relieve the symptoms associated with PAD, such as intermittent claudication, and ischemia. Patients who suffer from PAD find added relief from the use of arterial pumps and in many cases the devices can even save limbs from potential amputation.

Sequential Compression, Compression Device (DVT Prevention)

Sequential compression pumps prevent Deep Vein thrombosis (DVT), blood clots that start in the leg or groin. Those clots have the potential to travel into the lungs causing a blockage known as a pulmonary embolism (PE) which can result in sudden death. Obstetricians have recently called for revisions in health guidelines to include DVT compression devices as required wear for any woman before and during a scheduled cesarean section. Sequential pumps work by mimicking the blood pumping action in the leg to promote normal blood flow and are commonly used on patients undergoing surgery.

Post Traumatic Compression Device

Post traumatic pumps are most commonly used to help promote post-operative healing. Our post traumatic pumps work by providing cold compression therapy to eliminate Shoulder, knee and ankle swelling as a result of traumas or surgery. These devices can also be used as on soft tissue injuries such as pulled hamstrings, tendinitis, sprains and inflamed joints.  With zip-on sleeves and pants, this cold compression therapy eliminates the need for messy ice and gel treatments and even be used to treat multiple limbs at a time.